Basic Curriculum



LANGUAGE Introduction

At the “J.M. Carras” Kindergarten, students acquire skills and knowledge as they regard language and communication. We place greater emphasis on linking the spoken and written word through children’s personal and social experiences. Within such a framework, students use the experiences provided by the School in a dynamic way.   They take account of the language used and respond to it whilst learning codes of communication. And, when necessary, reformulate their words in order to become more communicative.  

In terms of listening and speaking, through their daily activities students are able to follow instructions, understand narrated stories and gradually develop their phonological skills.   Respectively, through an emerging literacy approach in the teaching of reading and writing, students understand the social role of writing and try to decode the messages in their surroundings through activities grounded in reality, which are both authentic and meaningful for them. They learn to read and write through play



Listening - Understanding

  • To understand instructions - rules

  • To realize that listening serves different purposes each time
  • To understand the contents of a story and to be able to recall details
  • To gradually acquire phonological awareness and skills

Verbal Communication - Speech

  • To present their point of view (to argue their opinion)
  • To describe a real or imaginary event
  • To tell a story




  • To realize the connection between written and spoken language
  • To decode letters (lowercase – uppercase)


  • To understand the importance of writing as a means of communication (the social character of writing)
  • To make spontaneous efforts at writing

  • To be able to replicate when they understand the meaning of a word



MATHEMATICS Introduction

The main goal of mathematical education at the “J.M. Carras” Kindergarten is the development of ways of thinking that take advantage of the characteristics of mathematical science.  Through experiential activities and play, students are encouraged to look for relationships, to find similarities and differences, to analyze, to justify, to conclude.  Thus, they gradually conquer concepts and procedures that will form the basis for the development of mathematical concepts.


Numbers and Functions
– Counting

  • To group objects
  • To gradually understand the concept of numbers
  • To be able to make simple estimations and comparisons of flat surfaces

Introduction to Algebraic Thinking
(equalities - probabilities)

  • To interpret data in their environment through processes of observation, description, comparison, equivalence and order (sequence)

Space and Geometry

  • To conquer the concepts of colors-shapes
  • To understand basic spatiotemporal concepts
  • To recognize and classify basic surfaces and solid shapes based on their general features
  • To read maps

Contemplative Mathematics (organization of data)

  • To analyze and synthesize


HUMAN DEVELOPMENT (personal and social development) Introduction

The main goal of the educational program at the “J.M. Carras” Kindergarten, and a prerequisite for the students’ effective response to stimuli experienced in the School environment, is the development of personal and social skills.  We aspire for students to have confidence in themselves, to take initiatives and to freely express their opinions.  Through games, we encourage them to accept limits and rules, to assert their rights, to take initiatives and responsibilities, as well as to react effectively to the challenges they will confront.




To be self-sufficient

To have a positive self-image

To express their feelings in relation to others

To complete their work

To learn to work as members of a team

To accept diversity – To become global citizens

To recognize and understand the meaning of moral values such as friendship, solidarity, gratitude, as well as respect for the environment, animals, others and ourselves.



ENVIRONMENT (Natural, Psychomotor development) Introduction

At the “J.M. Carras” Kindergarten, developing students’ thinking skills is the priority of our educational approach.  Our goal is to broaden students’ capabilities for creative and critical thinking.  We provide them with opportunities to express their ideas and concerns, resulting in their ability to process and to qualitatively analyze them.  This process, which is generated from their own quests, leads students to the synthesis of new data.  Knowledge and experiences are shared in groups with a view to the creative management of information as well as reflection and self-assessment.



To practice observing and recording
To create categories based on classification criteria
To discover the world through their senses

To develop perceptual motor skills

To develop their gross motor skills / mobility

To develop their fine motor skills / mobility
To adopt lifelong habits that lead to fitness




Students at the “J.M. Carras” Kindergarten become familiar with the basic functions of digital media.  To meet their personal needs and inquiries that require research, each day we provide them with opportunities to use digital media as information management tools, as a means of expression, communication and thinking.  With proper encouragement and daily exposure to the use of the technology corner, students are gradually able to work independently: they develop skills, collaborate and eventually acquire the thinking and methodology to take advantage of digital media.



To use computers in their daily lives, as a communication tool

To be able to handle the use of computers and interactive whiteboards

To recognize and distinguish keyboard symbols

To try to read



ARTS Introduction

Arts are included in the teaching process at the “J.M. Carras” Kindergarten each day as, in recent years, they have become an important innovation in early childhood education.  Music, Drama Games, Art, Dance and Movement are utilized as tools to achieve objectives in all learning areas.  By actively participating, students become both creators and viewers within the context of group work.  They practice their skills and are motivated to learn.  They are supported and encouraged to be innovative, to express their thoughts and feelings in a personal way, and to be able to observe and describe their aesthetic experiences when listening to music or looking at a painting.   Thus, Arts contribute to students’ development of non-verbal communication.



To be able to work imaginatively and creatively
To become familiar with puppetry and theater arts
To discover their individual way of expression
To dare to express themselves artistically
To be able to name materials
To develop rhythm
To develop their linguistic abilities
To develop musical instrument skills
To become familiar with musical concepts
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Honor Code

The cultivation of moral values is developed in children by observing the attitude and behavior of important adults in their lives (parents, teachers, et al.) as well as by participating in hands on activities that are related to some core moral values.  The Honor Code program is a systematic effort to integrate this system of values and principles in every aspect of school life, by planning and implementing activities for this purpose.

Values for academic year 2016-2017

September: Friendship

October: Respect for animals

November: Gratitude

December: Solidarity

January / February: Self-respect (physical and mental/emotional well-being)

March: Respect for other / Diversity

April / May: Respect for the environment