Basic Curriculum



LANGUAGE ARTS - Introduction

At “J.M. Carras” Kindergarten, students acquire skills and knowledge that are related to the linguistic system and to communication.  We place greater emphasis on the connection between spoken and written language as it relates to the personal and social life of the students. Within such a framework, students actively use the experiences the school provides.  They evaluate the spoken word, comment upon it, learn codes of communication and, if necessary, redefine it so as to become more communicative.

In terms of listening and speaking, through daily activities students are able to follow directions, understand the content of a story and gradually develop their phonological awareness. Respectively, with writing and reading, through the emerging literacy teaching approach, our students understand the social role of writing and try to decode the messages in their immediate environment by engaging in real-life activities that are both authentic and meaningful to them.  They learn to write and read while playing.


Listening - Comprehension

Students understand instructions – rules

Students realize that listening serves different purposes

Students comprehend the content of a story, recalling details

Students gradually acquire phonological awareness

Spoken Word - Speech

Students present their opinions (argue their point of view)

Students describe a real or imaginary event

Students are able to tell a story

Students become aware of the connection between spoken and written language!

Students decipher letters (lowercase – uppercase)


Students understand the importance of writing as a means of communication (social character of writing)

Students make spontaneous attempts at writing

Students are able to copy / write when they understand the content of a word!



MATHEMATICS - Introduction

At “J.M. Carras” Kindergarten, the basic goal of mathematical education is to have students develop ways of thinking that exploit the characteristics of mathematical science.  Through experiential activities and playful learning processes, students are encouraged to seek relationships, find similarities and differences, to observe, to analyze, to justify and to conclude.  Thus, they gradually grasp concepts and processes that will form the basis for the acquisition of mathematical concepts.
Numbers and operations – Counting
Students group objects
Students gradually understand the concept of numbers
Students make simple estimates and comparisons

Introduction to Algebraic thinking (operations/equations – properties)

Students formulate ideas about the world that surrounds them by observing, describing, comparing, matching and sequencing


Space and Geometry

Students understand the concepts of colors – shapes

Students grasp fundamental spatiotemporal concepts

Students recognize and classify basic flat shapes and solids based on their characteristics
Students are able to read maps


Random mathematical statistics (data organization)

Students analyze and synthesize




At “J.M. Carras” Kindergarten, the development of personal and social skills is a key objective of our educational program, as it is a prerequisite for students’ effective response to the stimuli they experience in the school environment.  Our goal is for students to have confidence in themselves, to take initiatives and to freely express their views.  Through incentives that arise while playing, we encourage them to accept limits and rules, to assert their rights, to take initiatives and assume responsibilities, as well as to react efficiently to the challenges that are presented.


Students are self-sufficient

Students have a positive self-image

Students express their feeling in relation to others (Develop empathy)

Students stay focused and involved in their task

Students learn to become team members

Students accept diversity – They become global citizens

Students recognize and understand the concept of moral values such as friendship, solidarity, gratitude, as well as respect for the environment, animals, others and ourselves



At “J.M. Carras” Kindergarten, the development of thinking skills is a priority of our educational approach.  Our goal is to broaden students’ potential for creative and critical thinking.  We provide them with opportunities to express their ideas and concerns so that they can process and analyze them qualitatively.   This process leads students to synthesize new information and data that they have acquired while searching on their own. Knowledge and experiences are shared within the group, primarily for the creative management of information, but also for reflection and self-evaluation.


Students practice observing and recording
Students categorize organisms, materials and phenomena based on classification criteria

Students discover the world through their senses

Students develop perceptual-motor skills

Students develop their gross motor skills

Students develop their fine motor skills

Students adopt life-long habits that develop their fitness!


TECHNOLOGY - Introduction

At “J.M. Carras” Kindergarten, students become familiarized with the basic functions of digital media.  Each day, in order to meet their personal needs and the demands of their quests, we provide them with opportunities to use these tools for information management, as a way of expression, for communication and thinking.  With proper encouragement and daily exposure to the technology corner, students gradually become autonomous, develop skills, work together and, ultimately, acquire a way of thinking and the methodology that facilitate the use of digital media.


Students use computers in their everyday life as a communication tool
Students are able to handle computers and interactive whiteboards

Students are able to identify and distinguish keyboard symbols

Students make attempts to read




At “J.M. Carras” Kindergarten, the Arts are integrated into the teaching process each day as they have become an important innovation in pre-school education in recent years.  Music, Drama Games, Visual Arts, Dance and Movement are used as instruments to achieve goals in all learning areas.  By actively participating within the group, students are both creators and spectators.  They practice skills and acquire incentives for learning.   They receive support and are encouraged to be innovative, to uniquely express their thoughts and feelings, as well as to observe and describe the aesthetic experience to which they are exposed when listening to music or looking at a painting.  In this way, the Arts contribute to the development of symbolic communication.

Students express themselves with imagination and creativity

Students are familiar with puppetry and theater techniques

Students discover their own unique way of expression

Students are brave enough to express themselves artistically
Students are able to name materials
Students develop rhythm

Students develop their language skills 
Students develop a knowledge of musical instruments
Students are familiar with musical concepts/terminology



Honor Code

The cultivation of moral values is developed in our students by observing the attitude and behaviors of adults (parents, teachers, et al.) as well through teaching.  The Honor Code program integrates values and principles in school life each and every day.

September: Friendship

October: Respect towards animals

November: Gratitude

December: Solidarity

January/February: Self-respect (physical and mental health)

March: Respect towards others / Diversity

April/May: Respect for the environment